Protection of constitutional order
Protection of constitutional order is one of the central tasks of DP. It contains a set of measures aimed at preventing the attempts to illegally change the fundamental principles such as independence, sovereignty, democracy and territorial integrity, stipulated by the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia.
The activities against the constitutional order can be conducted by the extremist oriented organisations, groups as well as individuals. These organisations, groups or individuals strive to apply both conventional and un-conventional methods (e.g.violent) to challenge the constitutional order, for example, force the changes of democracy, secession of some regions from the Republic of Latvia or accession of the Republic of Latvia to other country. Such organisations, groups of persons or individuals can act on their own initiative, as well as be guided by other countries or extremist organisations.
The criteria for actions assessed as turning against democracy are direct calls or concrete activities, for example, armed riots aimed at changing the democracy for the authoritarian or totalitarian regime and the illegal change of democratically elected power, etc. Dismantling territorial integrity include calls or concrete illegal activities for the secession of some regions from the Republic of Latvia. The independence of the country is destroyed by calls and concrete activities to attain the accession of the Republic of Latvia to other country.
Direct calls to change the democracy, to attain the accession of some regions or the succession of the Republic of Latvia to other country as well as concrete activities to implement the intentions cause prompt and direct threat to national security and such activities are punishable under Criminal Law. In parallel, long-term risks posed to the national security are also caused by the activities that are not directly conducted against constitutional order, however, with the aim step by step and systematically to destroy Latvian citizen trust to principles of democracy, state territorial integrity, the legitimacy and necessity of state as well as the strategic foreign and security policy course chosen by the Republic of Latvia.
As counter-measures, DP conducts counterintelligence and operational activities with the aim to obtain pre-emptive information about the activities drawn against the security interests of constitutional order of the Republic of Latvia and prevent them. If there are believable grounds to think that a person has committed an offence pursuant to Criminal Law, the tools under Criminal Law are implemented. However, other legal tools stipulated by law are implemented in situations when activities threaten constitutional order but impose no criminal liability, or there is a lack of evidence for initiating criminal prosecution.
DP closely cooperates with other Latvian security and intelligence services (SAB and MIDD) and foreign partner services in the field of protection of constitutional order. Additionally, DP regularly informs national senior officials whose task is to make decisions concerning the risks of constitutional order. In order to prevent the afore-mentioned risks, national and municipality institutions are informed by DP as well.